Texas is a state located in the United States of America. The 28th U.S. state, Texas joined the United States in 1845. Its postal abbreviation is TX.
The state name derives from a word in a Caddoan language of the Hasinai, táysha? (or tejas, as the Spaniards spelled it), meaning friends or allies. Spanish explorers mistakenly applied the word to the people and their location.
With an area of 696,241 km2 and a population of 22.5 million, Texas is the second largest U.S. state in both area and population, and the largest state in the contiguous 48 states in area. (Alaska is the largest U.S. state in area and California is the most populous.) Texas has historically had a "larger than life" reputation, especially in cowboy films.
|Governor (2005)||Rick Perry (R)|
- % water
696,241 km² (2nd)
- Total (2000)
30.75 /km² (28th)
|Admittance into Union
December 29, 1845
|Time zone|| Central: UTC-6/-5
Mountain: UTC-7/-6 (part of west Texas)
|25°50'N to 36°30'N
93°31'W to 106°38'W
Guadalupe Peak, 2,667 m
|State nickname||Lone Star State|
|Official Languages||None. English and Spanish are de facto.|