Hometown USA

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  • Four ships of the United States Navy have borne the name USS Texas in honor of the state.
  • Famous for their role in the history of Texas law enforcement, the Texas Rangers continue today to provide special law enforcement services to the state.
  • One state holiday, Juneteenth (from "June" + "Nineteenth," its date), commemorates the day in 1865 that the slaves in Texas learned of the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • At 311 feet, Texas's capitol building in Austin is taller than the capitol building in Washington, D.C.

State Designations and Symbols

  • state flower — the bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis)
  • state motto — "Friendship"
  • state nickname — The Lone Star State (after the single star on several historical flags of Texas, including the current Texas flag)
  • state tree — the pecan
  • state bird — the mockingbird
  • official state song — Texas Our Texas
  • state mammals (three)
    • small — armadillo
    • large — Texas longhorn
    • flying — Mexican free-tailed bat
  • Air Force — Commemorative Air Force (formerly known as the Confederate Air Force), based in Midland
  • state dance — Square Dance
  • state dinosaur — the Brachiosaur Sauropod, Pleurocoelus
  • state dish — chili con carne
  • state fiber and fabric — cotton
  • state fish — Guadalupe bass
  • state folk dance — square dance
  • state fruit — Texas red grapefruit
  • state gem — Texas blue topaz
  • state gemstone cut — The Lone Star Cut
  • state grass — Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)
  • state insect — monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)
  • musical instrument — guitar
  • state peppers (two)
    • native — chiltepin
    • other — jalapeño
  • state plant — prickly pear cactus
  • state reptile — Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the "horny toad"
  • state shell — lightning whelk (Busycon perversum pulleyi)
  • state ship — the Battleship USS Texas (BB-35)
  • state shrub — crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
  • state slogan "It's like a whole other country", formerly was "Don't mess with Texas"
  • state sport — rodeo
  • state stone — petrified palmwood
  • state tartan — Texas Bluebonnet Tartan
  • state vegetable — Texas sweet onion

The pledge to the Texas Flag is:

Honor the Texas Flag
I pledge allegiance to thee
Texas, one, and indivisible